How The NIH Is Addressing Health Inequities
In the 30-plus years since the NIH launched the first Office of Minority Health Research (now known as the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) since 2010), their initiatives have improved inequities in health. For example, efforts by researchers, advocates, and stakeholders reduced the mortality gap in between Black and White people in the US by about half from 1999 to 2015, narrowing from 33% to 16%.
Despite improvements, health inequities still exist. These include shorter life expectancy, higher rates of cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, infant mortality, stroke, cognitive impairment, asthma, sexually transmitted infections, dental diseases, and differences in prevalence and outcomes of mental illness.